The Jewish Culture Trail ? Kirkut In Kierkow
The Jewish Culture Trail ? Kirkut in Kierkow Near Polna Street, in so-called Kierków, we can still see one of the biggest and most interesting Jewish cemeteries in Jura. It was started in 1821 year as the third kirkut in Zarki and its area reached 1,5 ha. In 1983 ? 1985 nearly 900 graves were catalogued there. The cemetery was partially renovated and tidied thanks to Eli Zborowski who was born in Zarki and who is the leader of American and International Societies for Yad Vashem. In 2004 year the inhabitants of Zarki, the Local Authority and Eli Zborowski asked the Department of Judaism of Jagiellonian University to make an academic kirkut cataloguing and publish it as a book. In kirkut, there have been preserved about 700 graves so we can see some standing and fallen tombstones (stelle-macewy), tombs and framed graves and the remains of obelisks. They are made of sandstone, limestone, granite and concrete, however, there are not preserved any cast-iron graves. On some tombstones, we can see very rare symbols (8- and 12-armed stars), ornaments and letter patterns. There are also several unique Hebrew-Polish inscriptions or inscriptions which include Arabic dates. The history of the Jewish cemetery is also connected with litigation. In 1836 there was a disagreement between the Paulite monastery prior and the synagogue supervisors concerning the project of building a brick wall around the cemetery. The Jews were convinced that their cemetery was started on the manorial ground with the permission of the town owner. The prior proved that the Jewish were buried in the monastery ground as a result the Jews committed themselves to pay for using the cemetery. However, when they relinquished paying in 1847 - 1858, the case was brought to the court and it was won by the Paulites.