Waiting For Godot
Belonging to the genre of ?Theatre of Absurd? and propounding the theory of existentialism, Waiting for Godot (1948) is Samuel Beckett?s one of the most famous plays.
The play emphasizes the hopelessness of life and the constant wait of the two main characters, Vladimir and Estragon, for hope to return to them. Throughout the play, both these characters seem to be waiting for something to put an end to their boredom. Godot, in a way, signifies ?that something? people wait for in life.
The play is in two acts. The first act shows the two characters, Vladimir and Estragen, waiting for godot to come without even realizing why they are waiting for godot or what they want from godot. The act also shows two more characters entering the scene, Pozzo and Lucky. Vladimir and Estragen confuse Pozzo to be Godot. Pozzo is shown to be carrying a whip to handle Lucky who is obeying al the orders give by Pozzo and has a rope tied around his neck. When both Pzzo and Lucky exit from the scene after performing much antics and discoursing on religious as well as political issues with Vladimir and Estragon, another boy enters the scene saying that he has been sent by Godot. The boy tells them both that Mr. Godot will not be able to come today and will come tomorrow. Both Vladimir and Estragon send the boy back telling him to inform Mr. Godot that he has seen both of them. Both of them depart from the scene as night falls.
Act II begins with the same setting. Estragon has forgotten everything that happened the day before, including Pozzo and Lucky. They both start talking and passing their time trading their hats with each other till the time Pozzo and Lucky again enter the scene. This time Pozzo is blind and Lucky is mute. They all engage themselves in talk and posing questions to each other. But none of them has the answers. A time comes when Pozzo snubs Estragon for asking time questions and he having no answers for these questions. The boy who arrived on the sets in act I arrives again and refuses to recognize or seeing both Vladimir and Estragon. All this absurdity and loss of memory confirms the fact that there is no truth in the world.
Basically the theme running throughout the play is futility and purposelessness of existence and life. It is human beings who try to infuse purpose in the otherwise chaotic scheme of things. The play gives importance to the role of chance in life that acts as the driving force in life. Nobody knows what happened the day before and night after night falls without anyone being aware as to what happened the days before. The play repudiates the existence of an organized structure to life and reiterates the fact that time is based on chance and hence, human life is based on chance too.